Will Medicare Cover the Cost of an Electric Wheelchair?

Will Medicare Cover the Cost of an Electric Wheelchair? Understanding Coverage and Eligibility

Medicare, the federal health insurance program primarily for individuals aged 65 and older, as well as certain younger individuals with disabilities, covers various medical services and equipment. One of the essential questions for individuals in need of mobility aids is whether Medicare will cover the cost of an electric wheelchair, also known as a power wheelchair. This article delves into the specifics of Medicare coverage for electric wheelchairs, eligibility criteria, and considerations for individuals seeking assistance.

Understanding Electric Wheelchair Coverage by Medicare

Medicare Part B, which covers outpatient services and durable medical equipment (DME), may provide coverage for electric wheelchairs if certain criteria are met:

  • Durable Medical Equipment (DME): Electric wheelchairs fall under the category of DME, making them potentially eligible for coverage under Medicare Part B.

  • Medical Necessity: Medicare requires that the electric wheelchair be deemed medically necessary and prescribed by a healthcare provider for use within the home.

  • Supplier Approval: Medicare-approved suppliers must provide the electric wheelchair for coverage eligibility. Suppliers must adhere to Medicare's guidelines and billing procedures.

Eligibility Criteria for Medicare Coverage

Eligibility for Medicare coverage of an electric wheelchair depends on meeting specific criteria:

Coverage Details and Limitations

While Medicare covers a portion of the cost for electric wheelchairs, beneficiaries need to understand coverage details and limitations:

  • Coverage Percentage: Medicare typically covers 80% of the approved amount for durable medical equipment after meeting the annual Part B deductible.

  • Supplier Guidelines: Beneficiaries must obtain electric wheelchairs from suppliers approved by Medicare to ensure coverage. Non-approved suppliers may not meet Medicare's standards, potentially resulting in denied coverage.

Additional Considerations and Alternatives

In cases where Medicare coverage may not be sufficient or available, individuals can explore alternative options:

  • Medicare Advantage Plans: Some Medicare Advantage plans (Part C) may offer additional coverage or benefits for electric wheelchairs beyond what original Medicare provides.

  • State Assistance Programs: Certain states offer assistance programs or waivers that supplement Medicare coverage for medical equipment, including electric wheelchairs.

  • Fundraising and Community Support: Crowdfunding platforms or community organizations might assist in raising funds or providing donated equipment for those in need of an electric wheelchair.


In conclusion, Medicare may cover the cost of an electric wheelchair if it meets specific criteria and is deemed medically necessary for use within the home. Understanding Medicare's guidelines, eligibility criteria, and limitations is crucial for individuals seeking coverage for durable medical equipment, including electric wheelchairs. Additionally, exploring alternative options or supplementary coverage avenues can help ensure access to necessary mobility aids.

Individuals considering an electric wheelchair and seeking Medicare coverage should consult healthcare providers, Medicare representatives, or approved suppliers to navigate the process and understand coverage details.